Reimagining Inclusive AI and Critiquing Today's Identity-Blindness
YouTube Videos referenced
The project analyzes a corpus of 25 YouTube videos (plus another set of 10, part of a series). They're fun to watch! View counts are reported from corpus
collection in July 2017. Note that links to the copyright-precarious videos (marked "precarious") are particularly fragile and may be dead for readers:
Videos that reimagine Siri's race/ethnicity
- Mexican GPS | Rudy Mancuso (4,655,231 views)
- racist siri (1,155,865 views)
- _Martin_and_Siri__-_Gabriel_Iglesias_-_Standup_Revolution.mp4 (doing the stand-up bit "Black Siri") (precarious, 505,483 views)
- If Siri Was MEXICAN [Part 1] (269,482 views)
- Black Siri (209,032 views)
- If Siri Was MEXICAN [Part 2] (144,110 views)
- Black Siri aka Siriqua (103,465 views)
- If Siri Was MEXICAN [PART 3] (66,715* views)
Videos that reimagine Siri's sexual orientation
Videos that reimagine and critique Siri's religion
Videos that reimagine and critique Siri's accent/nationality
(Asterisks indicate an exception to the threshold of 90,000 views, see note.)
- Introducing the Iphone 5c and 5s (5,209,031 views)
- Robin Williams' Siri Impression (precarious, 4,703,327 views)
- Apple Scotland - iPhone commercial for Siri (3,401,973 views)
- Funny When Japanese Try To Speak English With Siri! So Hilarious! (precarious, revised link; original subtitler's account got deleted. See also parts 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, and 12) (2,066,376 views - 97,150 views)
- Hawaiian Pidgin English | Siri vs Hawaiian Pidgin (683,754 views)
- Nonna Paola Tries To Ask Siri 'The In Italy' On Her iPhone [Full Video] (414,826 views)
- Siri Vz Scottish Accent (141,995 views)
- HAWAIIAN PIDGIN SIRI (135,424 views)
- Stuff Hyderabadi Moms Say to Siri: with English subtitles (93,285 views)
Other videos excerpted:
Angwin, Julia, Larson, Jeff, Mattu, Surya, & Kirchner, Lauren. (2016). Machine bias
, May 23.
Alexander, Jonathan & Rhodes, Jacqueline. (2014). Flattening effects: Composition's multicultural imperative and the problem of narrative coherence. College Composition and Communication, 65(3), 430-454.
Arnould, Eric J. & Thompson, Craig J. (2005). Consumer culture theory (CCT): Twenty years of research. Journal of Consumer Research, 31, 868-882.
Arola, Kristin L. (2012). It's my revolution: Learning to see the mixedblood. In Composing(Media)=Composing(Embodiment), Arola, Kristin K. & Wysocki, Anne, Eds. University Press of Colorado, Utah State University Press.
Banks, Adam J. (2011). Digital griots: African American rhetoric in a multimedia age. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Beck, Estee N. (2015). The invisible digital identity: Assemblages in digital networks. Computers and Composition, 35, 125-140.
Benwell, Bethan & Stokoe, Elizabeth. (2006). Discourse and identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Ltd.
Brahnam, Sheryl & De Angeli, Antonella. (2012). Gender affordances of conversational agents. Interacting with Computers, 24, 139-153.
Brahnam, Sheryl & Weaver. (2015). Re/framing virtual conversational partners
: A feminist critique and tentative move towards a new design paradigm. In: Marcus, Aaron. (Ed.) Design, user experience, and usability: Users and interactions
. Berkley: Springer.
Brock, Kevin & Shepherd, Dawn. (2016). Understanding how algorithms work persuasively through the procedural enthymeme. Computers and Composition, 42, 17-27.
Brown, James Jr. (2014). The machine that therefore I am. Philosophy and Rhetoric, 47(4), 494-514.
Bucholtz, Mary & Hall, Kira. (2005). Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies, 7(4-5), 585-614.
Buolamwini, Joy & Gebru, Timnit. (2018). Gender shades: Intersectional accuracy disparities in commercial gender classification. Proceedings of Machine Learning Research, 81, 1-15.
Cloud, Doug. (2017). Rewriting a discursive practice: Atheist adaptation of coming out discourse. Written Communication, 34(2), 165-188.
Coleman, Miles C. (2018). Machinic rhetorics and the influential movements of robots. Review of Communication, 18(4), 336-351.
Crenshaw, Kimberle. (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory, and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1, 139-168.
Crenshaw, 1991. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.
Davila, Bethany. (2012). Indexicality and “Standard” edited American English: Examining the link between conceptions of standardness and perceived authorial identity. Written Communication, 29(2), 180-207.
Davis, Diane. (2010). Inessential Solidarity: Rhetoric and foreigner relations. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press..
Davis, Shardé M. (2018). Taking back the power: An analysis of Black women’s communicative resistance. Review of Communication, 18(4), 301-318.
Dickinson, Greg. (2002). Joe's rhetoric: Finding authenticity at Starbucks. Rhetoric Society Quarterly, 32(4), 5-27.
Elish, M. C. & boyd, danah. (2018). Situating methods in the magic of Big Data and AI. Communication Monographs, 85(1), 57-80.
Eyman, Douglas. (2015). Digital rhetoric: Theory, method, practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Fancher, Patricia. (2018). Embodying Turing’s machine: Queer, embodied rhetorics in the history of digital computation. Rhetoric Review, 37(1), 90-104.
Gallagher, John R. (2017). Writing for algorithmic audiences. Computers and Composition, 45, 25-35.
Heath, Shirley Brice. (1983). Ways with words: Language, life, and work in communities and classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Holmes, Steve. (2018). The rhetoric of videogarmes as embodied practice: Procedural habits. New York: Routledge.
Huckin, Thomas, Andrus, Jennifer, & Clary-Lemon, Jennifer. (2012). Critical discourse analysis and rhetoric and composition. College Composition and Communication, 64(1), 107-129.
Ingraham, Chris. (2014). Toward an algorithmic rhetoric. In Digital rhetorics and global literacies: Communication modes and digital practices in the networked world, Verhulsdonck, Gustav & Limbu, Marohang (Eds.) Hershey: IGI Global.
Johnstone, Barbara. (2013). Speaking Pittsburghese: The story of a dialect. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kennedy,Tammie M., Middleton, Joyce Irene, & Ratcliffe, Krista. (2017). "Introduction: Oxymoronic whiteness—from the White House to Ferguson." In Rhetorics of whiteness: Postracial hauntings in popular culture, social media, and education, Kennedy,Tammie M., Middleton, Joyce Irene, & Ratcliffe, Krista (Eds.). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Kerschbaum, Stephanie L. (2012). Avoiding the difference fixation: Identity categories, markers of difference, and the teaching of writing. College Composition and Communication, 63(4), 616-644.
Lueck, Amy.(2013). Writing a translingual script: Closed captions in the English multilingual hearing classroom. Kairos, 17(3). Retrieved Apr 8, 2019, from http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/17.3/praxis/lueck/discussion.html
McFarlane, Nicole Ashanti, & Snell, Nicole E. (2017). Color deafness: White writing as palimpsest for African American English in Breaking Bad screen captioning and video technologies. In Rhetorics of whiteness: Postracial hauntings in popular culture, social media, and education, Kennedy,Tammie M., Middleton, Joyce Irene, & Ratcliffe, Krista (Eds.). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Morgan, Marcyliena. (2002). Language, discourse and power in African American culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nielsen, Danielle. (2015). Identity performance in roleplaying games. Computers and Composition, 38, 45-56.
Noble, Safiya. (2018). Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism. New York: New York University Press.
Pleiss, Geoff, Raghavan, Manish, Wu, Felix, Kleinberg, Jon, & Weinberger, Killian Q. (2017). On fairness and calibration
. 31st Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)
Ratcliffe, Krista. (2005). Rhetorical listening: Identification, gender, whiteness. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Rossing, Jonathan Paul. (2014). Prudence and racial humor: Troubling epithets. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 31(4), 299-313.
Rossing, Jonathan P. (2016). A sense of humor for civic life: A strong defense of humor. Studies in American Humor, 4(1), 1-21.
Sauntson, Helen. (2015). Coming out stories. In The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality, ed. Whelehan, Patricia & Bolin, Anne. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Sheff, Elisabeth & Hammers, Corie. (2011). The privilege of perversities: Race, class and education among polyamorists and kinksters. Psychology & Sexuality, 2(3), 198-223.
Silk, Catherine, & Silk, John. (1990). Racism and anti-racism in American popular culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Strait, Megan, Ramos, Ana Sánchez, Contreras, Virginia, & Garcia, Noemi. (2018). Robots racialized in the likeness of marginalized social identities are subject to greater dehumanization than those racialized as white. Proceedings of the 27th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, Nanjing, China.
Walkinshaw, Ian, Mitchell, Nathaniel, & Subhan, Sophiaan. (2019). Self-denigration as a relational strategy in lingua franca talk: Asian English speakers. Journal of Pragmatics, 139, 40-51.
Warde, Alan. (1994). Consumption, identity-formation and uncertainty. Sociology, 28(4), 877-898.
Woods, Heather Suzanne. (2018). Asking more of Siri and Alexa: Feminine persona in service of surveillance capitalism. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 35(4), 334-349.